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Substance Addiction Treatment in Salt Lake City, Utah

Karen Cannon - LCSW

Karen has been a therapist with the Family Counseling Center for over 25 years. She specializes in treating depression, anxiety, the many causes of stress and a variety of mood disorders. She offers therapy for couples, dating relationships, parenting, adopted children, teens, care of aging parents and grief. Her expertise also includes supporting personal goals for weight loss, health improvement, self-esteem, and habit change.

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Addiction Treatment in Salt Lake CityAddiction to drugs and alcohol can have a lasting effect on your health and relationships with loved ones. Many people don’t think they have a problem or think they can overcome substance abuse themselves. Recovery without help from ad addiction services provider is possible in some situations.

But if you have been unable to get substance use under control, seek out the help of a trained professional substance abuse counselor. Contact the Family Counseling Center in Murray, Utah, to learn about evidence-based treatments our addiction services providers employ to improve your chances of success. We can help you overcome dependencies on the following substances, among others:

 

 

Commonly Abused Substances

Alcohol Abuse

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that is quickly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. Alcoholic drinks contain the intoxicating ingredient called ethanol. Alcohol has negative effects on every organ in the human body, can impair brain function and motor skills and, if used heavily, can increase risk of certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease. It can also do serious damage to a developing fetus.

Alcohol dependency is characterized by an unbearable craving for alcohol or continued drinking in spite of harm or personal injury. Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances, but new therapies and addiction services techniques have made full recovery possible for many of our patients.

Club Drugs

“Club drugs” is a generic term for psychoactive substances designed to enhance the user’s experience at a party or club, but they can be used in almost any situation. The most common club drugs include:

  • GHB, also referred to as G, Liquid Ecstasy, or Soap
  • Ketamine, also known as Special K, Vitamin K, or Jet
  • Roofies, also known as Rohypnol (brand name) or flunitrazepam (generic)

Typically, club drugs are used and abused by teenagers and young adults at bars, nightclubs, concerts, and parties. Club drugs have varying effects. Ketamine distorts perception and produces feelings of detachment from the environment and self, and GHB and Rohypnol are sedating drugs most commonly known as date rape drugs. Abusing these types of drugs can have lasting and harmful effects to its user. For example:

  • GHB abuse can cause seizures and lead to a coma.
  • Ketamine in high doses can cause delirium and amnesia, while chronic use can lead to organ damage or failure.
  • Rohypnol can incapacitate users and cause amnesia.

When these drugs are combined or mixed with alcohol, they can be lethal.

Club drugs can also cause an unhealthy chemical imbalance in the brain. If you or someone you love is struggling with these drugs, call our Utah substance abuse counselors today and start getting back on the right track.

Cocaine

Cocaine hydrochloride is a powerful, addictive central nervous system stimulant that is snorted, injected, or smoked. It differs from crack in that crack is cocaine hydrochloride powder that has been processed to form a rock crystal, which is then usually smoked. This leads to a magnified, shorter-lived euphoria that has a higher potential for addiction.

Cocaine can make the user feel euphoric and energetic, and can easily lead to addiction. However, cocaine usage can have detrimental effects on your health. It increases body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Those who abuse cocaine are at higher risk of heart attacks, respiratory failure, strokes, seizures, abdominal pain, and nausea.

Heroin

Heroin is an addictive drug that is processed from morphine and usually appears as a white or brown powder or as black, sticky substance. This fast-acting opiate can be injected, snorted, or smoked.

Heroin has short-term effects that include a surge of euphoria and clouded thinking followed by alternately wakeful and drowsy states. Heroin causes depressed breathing, which can make an overdose fatal. Users who inject the drug risk infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. Heroin is abused more and more in Utah, but recovery is possible. Call today to find out how our addiction services can help you overcome heroin problems for you or your loved ones.

Inhalants

Inhalants make the drug abuse and addiction services treatment list because they are easily available. These types of drugs are chemical vapors that users intentionally inhale because of the chemicals’ mind-altering effects. The substances inhaled are often common household products that contain volatile solvents, aerosols or gases.

When inhalants are used, the high can be similar to alcohol intoxication. The intentional inhalation of nearly all solvents and gases produce a loss of sensation, and even unconsciousness. Irreversible side effects can include hearing loss, limb spasms, and central nervous system or brain damage. Inhaling high concentrations of these substances can result in death from heart failure or suffocation.

LSD (Acid)

LSD can distort perceptions of reality and produce hallucinations. The effects of LSD can be frightening and can cause panic for the user. LSD is sold as tablets, capsules, liquid, or an absorbent paper that looks like stamps.

LSD produces unpredictable psychological effects, with “trips” lasting about 12 hours. Many users experience delusions and hallucinations with large enough amounts of LSD. Physical effects include increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure and addition to sleeplessness and loss of appetite.

Marijuana

Marijuana is the most commonly used and abused illegal drug in the United States. Marijuana is made up of dried parts of the Cannabis sativa hemp plant, and depending on the strain it can cause a relaxed or euphoric state for its users, or both.

Short-term side effects of marijuana use can include panic, distorted perceptions, memory impairment and difficulty thinking and solving problems. Long-term effects can include lack of motivation, injury to the brain and lungs, reduced sexual capacity and difficulties studying and thinking clearly. Addiction services can help you overcome psychological dependencies that may develop with long-term use of marijuana.

MDMA (Ecstasy)

MDMA, commonly known as Ecstasy or Molly, is usually taken orally as a capsule or tablet. This club drug is relatively easy to find but can be dangerous, especially when doses are cut with other chemicals such as methamphetamine.

Short-term effects of Ecstasy include feelings of mental stimulation, emotional warmth, enhanced sensory perception and increased physical energy. Adverse health effects can include nausea, chills, sweating, teeth clenching, muscle cramping, and blurred vision. Ecstasy can interfere with the body’s ability to regulate temperature and serotonin levels; on rare occasions, this can be lethal.

Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine abuse can be very dangerous. Use of this highly addictive substance leads to increased wakefulness and physical activity; a rapid, irregular heartbeat; and increased blood pressure and body temperature. Long-term abuse can lead to mood disturbances, violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, and severe dental problems. Users who inject the drug risk infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. If you are having problems with this drug, seek help from an addiction services provider immediately.

PCP/Phencyclidine

PCP is a synthetic drug, usually sold as tablets, capsules or powder. It can be ingested by being snorted, smoked, or eaten. PCP was originally developed in the 1950s as an IV anesthetic, but was never approved for human use. It was banned because of the intensely negative psychological effects it can produce.

PCP is a “dissociative” drug that distorts perceptions of sight and sound while producing feelings of detachment. PCP users experience several unpleasant psychological effects, with symptoms mimicking schizophrenia such as delusions, hallucinations, disordered thinking and extreme anxiety.

Prescription Medications

In Utah, prescription drug abuse is a serious problem. In 2007, it killed more people than car crashes did. Over the last 10 years, there has been a 400% increase in deaths association with abuse of prescriptions. Prescription drug abuse means taking a prescription medication that is not prescribed for you, or taking it for reasons or in dosages other than as prescribed.

The most abused prescription drugs in the state include:

  • Painkilling medicines and opioids:
    • hydrocodone (Vicodin)
    • oxycodone (OxyContin)
    • propoxyphen (Darvon)
    • hydromorphone (Dilaudid)
    • meperidine (Demerol)
    • diphoneoxylate (Lomotil)
  • Central nervous system depressants (prescribed for anxiety and sleep disorders):
    • barbituates such as pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal)
    • benzodiazepines such as diazepam (Valium) and alprazolam (Xanax)
  • Stimulants (prescribed for ADHD and narcolepsy):
    • Methylphenidate (Ritalin and Concerta)
    • Amphetamines such as dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and Adderall

There are many negative effects from abusing prescription drugs, but changing your habits can be almost impossible due to their addictive nature. Our drug treatment counselors can help you overcome the drowsiness, constipation, and depressed breathing that can accompany opioid abuse. Our addiction services can also help you clear your system of central nervous system depressants that slow down brain function, and provide addiction counseling to help you reprioritize your life.

Steroids (Anabolic)

When people think of Utah, steroid abuse isn’t usually on their list of associations. Many people throughout the state want a perfect physique and compete in bodybuilding competitions. Most anabolic steroids are synthetic substances similar to the male sex hormone testosterone. Steroids can be taken orally or injected. Those who abuse anabolic steroids are aiming to build muscle and enhance performance. Abuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious health problems, some of which are irreversible.

Oral steroids have much worse effects on the body than their injectable counterparts. For example, the effects of oral steroids can be much harsher on your liver and can require prohormone post cycle therapy to return the body to normal hormonal regulation.

Steroid abuse and addiction has many adverse side effects.

  • Short-term risks:
    • jaundice
    • fluid retention
    • high blood pressure
  • Prolonged abuse in male users:
    • shrinking of the testicles
    • baldness
    • breast development
    • infertility
  • Prolonged abuse in female users:
    • growth of facial hair
    • menstrual changes
    • male-pattern baldness
    • deepened voices
  • Risks for teens:
    • permanently stunted height
    • accelerated puberty changes
    • severe acne

Tobacco / Nicotine

Since the time we were children, we have been warned of the dangers of addiction to tobacco and nicotine. Some users don’t see the negative effects until it’s too late. Smoking is the single highest cause of preventable deaths in the United States. If you are looking to kick the habit, our drug counselors and addiction services can help.

  • Tobacco and nicotine is the leading preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the U.S.
  • Cigarette smoking accounts for 90% of lung cancer cases in the U.S.
  • About 38,000 U.S. deaths per year can be attributed to secondhand smoke.
  • Tobacco and nicotine produce tar, which increases a smoker’s risk of lung cancer, emphysema, and bronchial disorders.
  • Carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke increases the chance of cardiovascular disease.
  • Pregnant smokers have a higher risk of miscarriage or low birth-weight babies.
  • Secondhand smoke can cause lung cancer in adults and can greatly increase the risk of respiratory illnesses in children.

Contact Us for Help

If you or anyone close to you suffers from any of the forms of drug abuse mentioned above, we can help. Family Counseling Center in Murray is home to several of the Salt Lake City area’s most experienced drug abuse counselors, and we want to help you. We will build our plan around you instead of having a one-size-fits-all approach to your addiction recovery.

Contact us today to set up your appointment.